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Clinical Psychology_Amy Kankiewicz

Clinical Psychology: The study, evaluation, and treatment of individuals with mental illnesses and disabilities.  (See 28:36-29:13)

In this clip, Freud states that, “Ted’s father’s own fear of failure has caused him to make his son the embodiment of all of his own deepest anxieties about himself, and hence his aggression transference onto Ted.  Freud is representing clinical psychology well.  He has studied Ted throughout the movie and is evaluating Ted’s problems with his father.  These daddy-issues have caused Ted many problems throughout his life (according to discussions in the movie), and represent a mental illness or disabling circumstance.


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Social Comparison_Amy Kankiewicz

Social Comparison:  Social comparison is judging or ranking one’s own abilities or ideas by comparing them to others. (first and second clip)

Cheryl is comparing herself to Gracie.  “You’re so nice and smart and sexy; you’re definitely gonna win,” she says to Gracie.  She does not thing herself good enough to win the Miss United States Pageant because of all the good qualities she sees in Gracie (she does not believe she, herself, has these qualities).  Also, she does not see her talent of baton twirling as anything special because she has compared it to other’s talents.  She ranks her own abilities as less than superb because she is constantly comparing them to others in the competition.

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Preoccupied Attachment_Amy Kankiewicz

Preoccupied Attachment:  (Also known as anxious-ambivalent) Relationships that are characterized by feelings of unworthiness, apprehension, jealousy, uncertainty, or possessiveness.

Glee Season 3 Episode 18:    (See Alternative18:00-19:05)

In this clip, Coach Beiste is showing preoccupied attachment.  She is married to an abusive man, but does not leave him.  As shown in the last 10-15 seconds of the clip, her reasoning for staying with this man is that she feels as if no one else will ever love her.  She feels very unworthy (she believes she is not good enough for others to like her) and apprehensive (she worries about being alone for the rest of her life).  Therefore, she stays in the relationship she is currently in.


Social-responsibility Norm_Amy Kankiewicz

Social-Responsibility Norm:  An expected norm that people will help those in need with no expectation for future reciprocation.

This article about a 9/11 firefighter is an excellent example of the social-responsibility norm.  Even though he was not supposed to come in to work that day, he rushed to work when he heard the twin towers had been hit.   He had no desire to be paid back by those he helped on that day.  He only wanted those people to be safe.

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Hostile Aggression_Amy Kankiewicz

Hostile Aggression:  Hostile aggression is physical or verbal behavior stemming from anger meant to harm another.

This scene from She’s the Man represents hostile aggression.  Not only did Olivia represent the verbal side of hostile aggression when she made fun of Monique for getting dumped in the pizza parlor, but it represents physical hostile aggression when they start fighting.  Their fighting stems from their similar feelings for Sebastian.  They desire fight with no other purpose but harming each other.

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Prejudice_Amy Kankiewicz

Prejudice:  A previous negative thought or view of a specific group or individual in such a group.

Mr. Darcy is prejudice towards Elizabeth and her family (due to their social class).  He had a negative view of the social class in which they belonged (a specific group).  This is shown through Mr. Darcy’s vocal opinions.  He even says, “Any alliance must be regarded as a highly reprehensible connection… Do you expect me to Rejoice in the inferiority of your connections?  To congratulate myself on the hope of relations whose condition in life is so decidedly below my own?”  Clearly, he views the social class of the Bennett’s, even the individual of Elizabeth, as lower than his own, and his prejudice is strong.


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Transformational Leadership_Amy Kankiewicz

Transformational Leadership:  Leadership that has a great influence on people’s actions.  This is done when one of significant status (whether in a small or large group) gives their own opinions with the intention of influencing others to take his or her own views.

One example of this is in Beauty and the Beast when Belle is trying to convince the villagers that her father is not crazy.  She takes out the magic mirror and shows them the Beast.  I could not find the conversation that occurs before the song (link posted below), so here is the dialogue:

BELLE:  Show me the beast!
(MAGIC MIRROR again shines, then produces the image of
the still depressed BEAST. The crowd oohs and aahs at it.)

WOMAN 1: Is it dangerous?

BELLE: (Trying to reassure her)
Oh, no. He’d never hurt anyone.  Please, I know he looks vicious,
but he’s really kind and gentle. He’s my friend.

GASTON: If I didn’t know better, I’d think you had feelings for this monster.

BELLE: He’s no monster, Gaston. You are!

GASTON: She’s as crazy as the old man.
(He grabs the MIRROR from her hand.)

**Start of Song:  “The Mob Song”**

The beast will make off with your children!
He’ll come after them in the night.


GASTON: We’re not safe ’til his head is mounted on my wall!
I say we kill the beast!
(MOB cheers him and repeats the words ‘kill him’.)

Song starts:

Belle is trying to tell the townsfolk that the Beast is not dangerous, she has no status or leadership.  When Gaston begins to speak of how terrible and fearsome the Beast is, because of his significant status in his community, the townsfolk believe him and begin to have similar opinions.  They, too, desire to kill the Beast.

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