I'm currently a junior studying Sociology with the intent to go to graduate school for Social Work. I have a lemon tree, like to go paragliding, play video games, sleep in weird places on campus and eat broccoli.....<- and one of those is a lie :)
Posted in Blog Entry 13 on June 5, 2012
The misinformation effect refers the effect that false information has on recalling a memory.
In this video a man is sent to jail for 20+ years based on the memory of his daughter who “recovered” her memory under the guidance of a hypnotist. This is an extreme example of the negative aspect of misinformation but the strength and durability of incorrect memories is evident. It can be extremely disconcerting to think that our memory is false. What keeps our memories from becoming misinformed is to keep factual records like a video, audio or just writing it down in a journal. Another thing that we can do is measure the validity of our memory is to compare our memories with someone else…..like a mom, cause they remember EVERYTHING! 🙂
Posted in Blog Entry 12 on June 5, 2012
When I think of social comparison I think immediately of this video:
This spawned more videos like Sh*t that blacks/whites/mormons/gays/mexicans/asians say, all of which focus on distinct groups of people and their behavior. Although these videos are done in a way that accentuates stereotypical opinions they also provide a means in which individuals can evaluate themselves by. If someone were to ask me if I considered myself a typical Mormon girl I wouldn’t even pause from my game of Halo Reach to tell them, “heck no.” And then I watch this video:
After watching this video I compared my own opinions and colloquialisms to those demonstrated and found that if I reevaluated myself, I DO fall into the category of a “Mormon girl”. I don’t however, find it a stifling or constraining title. Through social comparisons we can check our behavior with others in our social group to feel like we belong and yet still cultivate and express our distinct individual self.
Posted in Blog Entry 11 on June 5, 2012
The Similarity-Attraction Hypothesis is used to explain why people become attracted to each other. It basically says that the more similar people are the more that they are attracted to each other. This can extend beyond just physical attributes or socioeconomic status, people can be drawn together based on other factors like similar life experiences.
This video is in Mandarin so please read the video description first (I made some edits to make the translation into English more fluent) :
On Jun 20th, 2011, a 16 years old boy wanted to kill himself on the bridge in Shenzhen City, Guangdong Province, China. A brave young lady used her kiss and passion to conquer the suicide’s idea, and save his life with other firemen.
According to the report, the boy had lost his mother when he was a child and his step-mother cheated his father of all of his money. He felt lonely and helpless. He never had love from his family.
The heroic young lady is a hotel steward. She said that although she didn’t know the suicide she had the same difficult situations and even wanted to suicide several times. When she talked with the boy, she cried, because she totally understood him. She thought that the only approach was love. Finally, she succeed by a kiss!
As demonstrated in this video because the girl had a similar experience of wanting to commit suicide at some point in her own life she had empathy for the boy’s feelings and felt a deep connection to him and because of all this she was able to save him with a kiss.
Posted in Blog Entry 10 on June 5, 2012
Altruism is a selfless act done out of concern for others.
In this video runner Meghan Vogel helped carry another runner who collapsed only a small distance from the finish line during a 3200 meter race at Ohio Division III state track . She even helped the other runner so that she, and not Vogel, would cross the finish line first. Although helping another runner is cause for disqualification the officials allowed the girls to be ranked as #14 and #15. Although Vogel won a state title earlier in the day she said that, “Helping her across the finish line was a lot more satisfying than winning the state championship,”
A lot of people would argue that true altruism is not possible and that those who commit “selfless” acts actually do it for some sort of obligation or duty or in anticipation for a reward. In this situation however, Vogel’s actions would’ve led to a disciplinary action, being disqualified, and not a reward. That being the case I believe that this video demonstrates what a true altruistic action looks like.
Posted in Blog Entry 9 on May 24, 2012
Aggression is a natural reaction to environmental factors which can be categorized by instinct, frustration-aggression, social and biological influences. Uncontrolled aggression leads to wars, crime and even road rage so it is important not only to understand what causes aggression but how to reduce aggressive behavior at the individual level. But reducing agression is not about never being angry or upset because these are healthy and normal emotions. In reducing anger you can gain control of your actions by controlling your reactions.
(Wow, get her mad enough and we have an album!)
There are different theories of how to reduce aggression, the more popular of which is the Cartharisis hypothesis which suggests that pent-up emotions like anger and frustrations can be purged by expressing them through aggression. This has since been shown to promote aggression rather than counteract it. The video above demonstrates one of the methods in which agression can be reduced which is to react to aggression with something that is incompatable or incongruent (like humming). Another way is to reduce aggression is to avoid situations or things that make you angre and to reward non aggression in order to model behavior.
Here are examples of the different theroies:
2.Channel aggression by participating in another activity (my alternate to the Catharsis Hypothesis)
3. Reduce aversive stimulation (by leaving the situation)
4. Reward nonaggression
*with grape juice!
Posted in Blog Entry 8 on May 22, 2012
Prejudiced, stereotypes and discrimination are preconceived attitudes, negative or positive, about a person or thing based on surface details like their ethnicity, religion or other categories and not on their merit as an individual.
Now, take a gander at this sweet video with its fresh lyrics:
Not only does this video give some street cred to minivans but also it addresses and breaks prejudices on parenting and gender roles. The father says that he “loves hanging with his daughter, sipping tea” keeping his pinky up without being emasculated and his wife not only “straight ownin’ bake sales, with [her] cupcake skills” but also says “I’m better with the money so I handle the bills” Both of these lyrics differ from the stereotypical views on parenting; here it is demonstrated that both parents can nurture the children and also take on different roles based on their own personality and abilities.
Prejudiced and stereotypes are static concepts that can be strengthened or weakened over time. This is how that change occurs: 1)You have a preconceived judgment on “something” , 2) you receive information how that “something” behaves or feel firsthand, and 3) if you find that the “something” conforms to the stereotype then you don’t change your opinion but if the other side doesn’t conform then your opinion will change naturally to accommodate it.
Here is a simplified example of this:
1.How you view people who drive minivans: