Archive for category Blog Entry 9

“Frustration-Agression Theory” by Samuel Ramos

This theory consists of frustration triggering acts of aggression in a person. In other words, after an individual becomes frustrated with someone he/she will be immediately acting aggressively in one way or another. After, being revised by someone theorists, we now learn that is possible to avoid such aggressive behaviors. Frustration is also important to define. According to our textbook, every time you are motivated and excited to accomplish a goal and something comes up blocking the realization of such, frustration is created. 

A good example of this theory is shown on the TV show “The Office” where Michael Scott and Toby Flenderson have a very unusual chemistry in their interactions with each other. This is mainly because Michael completely despises Toby every time he sees or has to deal with him. Just being around Toby, a aggression trigger is automatically activated to insult him in any way possible.

You can view this in the link provided below. 

As we were able to observe, a direct aggression was performed by Michael without any significant precedence of a purpose as to the reason he would treat Toby that way. Michael was simply bothered by his presence, and treated him badly thinking he was a bad person, when actually Michael only perceived the situation that way. 

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Cycle of Abuse: Clarissa

Displacement: this is a kind of defense mechanism used when a person diverts an unacceptable thought or impulse from its target to a less threatening objet/target.

A man, after having a bad day at work comes home and beats his wife and then his wife beats her children.

This is a pretty sad example- but as I have studied abuse and its consequences, I have come to realize that displacement is often used by the offender during an abusive act.  In the above example, a man has a bad day at work because his boss was condescending and embarrassed the man in front of all his co-workers.  The man is extremely upset and wants to take his frustration out – but he can’t take it out on his boss because he is not an easy target.  Instead the man takes his frustration out on his wife, who is an easier target.  The man is displacing his anger with his boss onto his wife. His wife is then upset and angry and wants to fight back, but can’t fight her husband, so she beats her kids. Sadly, this story is too common in the world today. Instead of confronting the source of one’s anger, people often turn to a safer target to release their frustration- which begins the vicious cycle all over again.

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Hostile Aggression, Ash Chambers

Aggression may be the intentional physical/verbal harm of another person, but that is a pretty shallow definition. It doesn’t cover the many different types of aggression and doesn’t address why the aggression is committed. One of the more interesting aggression types is hostile aggressionwhich is aggression with the soul intent of the aggression itself. It’s aggression for aggression’s sake. 

I gave a presentation today on aggression, and I’m going to use the comic I drew for it.

 

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This story (Stan likes Stacey, tries to impress, gets frustrated by Steve, so he attacks him, then leaves into the sunset) is a good illustration of hostile aggression because it is a clean cut example of the steps. Essentially, a goal is frustrated. Rather than using aggression to attain that goal (in this case, Stacy), Stan behaves violently and aggressively against Steve, and is satisfied by that act alone. There was no other purpose for the aggression aside from the violence. This is what defines hostile aggression: aggression for aggression’s sake. 

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The Effect Of Video Games On Aggression Catherine Dodart

A popular debate today is on whether or not video games can enhance aggression in teens. Aggression is any type of physical or verbal behavior that has the motive to hurt someone. Many teens today and even some adults don’t believe that video games can affect our mood or aggression levels. The text states that studies have shown that violent video games have five common effects on people.

1- It can increase arousal. 2- Increases aggressive thinking. 3-Increases aggressive feelings. 4- Increases aggressive  behaviors.5- Decreases pro-social behaviors.

Growing up we were not allowed to play violent video games, however my older brother once got his hands on the James Bond 007 game. My little brother and I would watch him for hours and I didn’t notice any direct changes right away. However, after some time playing the game on its mission mode he would become easily aggravated and defensive over anything. After playing for hours his face would be bright red and he would just look like he had run a marathon. After my mom began to notice some changes in his mood she found the game and took it away.

We may not always believe that video games can cause an increase of aggression and some may claim that it helps relieve stress or tension. However, there have been studies that show that when children play violent video games as opposed to a regular game they begin using their emotional side of the brain as opposed to the side that uses rational thinking and concentration. Concerns were greatly expressed about violent video games after the Columbine High School Massacre. Both of the boys that were involved in the shooting were heavily immersed in games called, Doom and Wolfenstein. Some analysts argued that part of the killers’ problem may have been desensitization due to their constant exposure to violent imagery in such video games, as well as other media.

In conclusion, violent games can have an affect on someones level of aggression. Some states are still fighting today to have video games banned because they believe it can have a strong, negative impact on someone of a young age and even adults.

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“Nephites and Lamanites: Hostile or Instrumental Aggression?” by Ryan Turner

Aggression is the intentional act of inflicting hurt on another person.  It can be understood in two basic ways: hostility and instrumentalism.  Hostile aggression refers to the aggressive behavior of one person towards another for the sole purpose of releasing anger.  Other than venting one’s bitter fumes on another, there are no specific ends.  Instrumental aggression, however, is the aggressive behavior of one towards another with the purpose of achieving some other ends.  The aggression is a means to another specific end.  For example, a robber that shoots a banker in order to gain access to the supermarket’s safe represents instrumental aggression.  On the other hand, a robber that shoots a banker out of rage for his miserably passing day exemplifies hostile aggression.

To illustrate these two types of aggression, let us recall the war chapters from the Book of Mormon.  Throughout the book, two principal groups – Nephites and Lamanites – were continuously at war with each other.  The Nephites fought in order to “preserve their lands, and their liberty, and their church” (Alma 43:30), whereas the Lamanites’ purpose in fighting was to “destroy their brethren, or to subject them” and “establish a kingdom unto themselves over all the land” (Alma 40:29).  While the Nephites’ purpose in fighting was grounded in instrumental aggression, the Lamanites’ purpose illustrates both hostile and instrumental aggression.  In other words, the Lamanites fought against the Nephites sometimes to obtain the Nephites’ lands – instrumental aggression – and at other times simply to express their hatred towards the Nephites for taking away their ‘right’ to “rule over [the] people” (2 Nephi 5:3) – hostile aggression.

At times, Nephite apostate groups (e.g. Amalekites and Amulonites) would incite the Lamanites to anger so that they would fight against the Nephites, not necessarily to obtain the Nephites’ lands, but simply to express their hatred for them (see Alma 24:1).  Therefore, the meaning of war and aggression was substantially different for both the Nephites and the Lamanites.  While the Nephites always fought with the purpose of defending themselves and their families (instrumental aggression), the Lamanites fought both to obtain Nephite lands (instrumental aggression) and to release their anger upon them (hostile aggression).

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TzTZA5AXsdQ 3:42-4:25 (Captain Moroni – Lamanites)

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“Primal Urges” by Tatiana Herman

“Primal Urges” by Tatiana Herman

Aggression is defined as physical or verbal behavior that intends to cause harm. It is deliberate action taken to hurt in one way or another. Some examples of this include punching, slapping, kicking, verbal threats, gossiping, and cruel remarks. One particular type of aggression refers to instinctive aggressive energy. It denotes that it comes with humans from birth so is unlearned and universal, meaning that everyone experiences it regardless of race, culture, or gender. If it is contained, it builds up until a stimulus causes it to explode.

Watch until 0:22

This clip demonstrates Regina using non-physical means to purposefully hurt Cady. Cady was born in Africa and lived there up until high school when she transferred to a U.S. school. By the time this scene takes place, she has already endured plenty of mental and emotional torture at the hands of Regina. She is aware of what Regina is doing and visualizes the manner in which animals (which she observed her whole life) would resolve the aggression that both girls feel. These feelings would not stay pent up and result in manipulating plots to retaliate, but rather would cause the girls to fight it out right on the spot. This shows a quick and instinctive response to the primal aggression that many believe we all have inside of us. The question is- do we give in?

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The Avenger’s Aggression (by: Jennae Haug)

Introduction: People often times react to frustration with anger or hostility. Anger can release the built up frustration, and can thus become an effect of frustration. The theory behind this chain of events is named the Frustration Aggression Theory.The theory states that frustration triggers aggression, and thus, when one becomes frustrated, one may respond with aggression.

Link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9oKYxviU5Vw

Conclusion: After an already difficult battle, Loki continues to bring in more troops from another world. The Hulk is already impulsive, but just prior to this infamous moment, he announces that he has figured out how to control his aggression. Therefore, when his frustration leads to aggression, it is not necessarily innate or uncontrollable as it has been in the past. Therefore, the aggression is a direct result of the frustration the Hulk experiences from the battle and is an example of the Frustration Aggression Theory. on Theory.

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